The name Brigade is a misnomer. In the Spanish Civil War, a brigade consisted of four to six battalions. The XV International Brigade was made up of six battalions of volunteers from nations around the globe, topped up with Spanish conscripts. The column joined the American rather than the British battalion on nationalist grounds. Sung to the tune of the traditional country song Red River Valley, it became their anthem. Carter, Jr. Leo Eloesser - Noted US thoracic surgeon. Robert Klonsky - One of the defendants in the Smith Act trial of the mids.
Robert G. Monument to the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in Seattle. It reads: "11 students from the University of Washington joined that historic struggle". Currently, there are three memorials dedicated to the veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. The first is located on the campus of the University of Washington in Seattle. In , Facing Fascism: New York and the Spanish Civil War at the Museum of the City of New York examines the role that New Yorkers played in the conflict, as well as the political and social ideologies that motivated them to participate in activities ranging from rallying support, fundraising, and relief aid, to fighting — and sometimes dying — on the front lines in Spain.
The stories of these New Yorkers will be told through photographs, letters, uniforms, weapons, and an array of personal and historical memorabilia.
John Q. Eby , p.
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A communist, Nelson became commander of the battalion on the first day 6 July of the Battle of Brunete, replacing Martin Hourihan who was badly wounded. Eby, p 9. Martin, Douglas January 17, The New York Times. Originally published in Serbo-Croat in Joel Agee translated this edition.
Gill and Macmillan. Where Casement would have stood today. When I recently looked at this bibliography there was about pieces from titles. As of today, 8th January there are different papers listed here, with articles, over double the number of articles!
Of these articles more than have links so you can read them whenever you want. Can I repeat my request - anyone would anyone who knows of other newspaper, magazine or journal articles releveant to the Irish in the SCW, please send me the details and I'll add them to this bibliography. C Crossey, 8th Jan. The first print run was of 60, copies. Briefne Dermot Keogh An eye witness to history: Fr. A war of ideas?
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Irish volunteers in the Spanish Civil War, Westport Historical Society journal, No. Spanish comrades. Spring , p Clare Champion Kevin J Browne. A few small extra details on Stranney, etc. Irish writers and the Spanish Civil War. A series of 9 articles on the Bandera by a volunteer, Sept-October September , p March , p See also the October edition, p for correspondence about this piece.
Irish President greets the veterans, No. Franco and the Irish News. A letter from Spain. Spanish Civil War veterans 'vindicated' after 60 years. About a public meeting addressed by M O'Riordan in Belfast. Courage of idealists who risked all for democracy, 28th Dec. Among those named is John McAdams, Bogside - this means that a detail listed as him being in Spain - appeared on the Derry site briefly, can be discounted - he disappeared from Derry not to Spain but to the Crumlin Rd!!
Story had originated from Finbar O'Doherty.
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Mick O'Riordan on Irish history and politics. On Bob Doyle's experiences in the International Brigades. Winter , Vol. Tom Coleman spoke to Moss Fennell, 30th April This is then the inspiration for a letter by Eugene about Mattie Ryan being responsible for the machine gun exhibition during the visit by Nehru to Spain. An Irishman's diary. Mayor hosts reception for Spanish war veterans.www.cantinesanpancrazio.it/components/hylygod/1214-controllare-messaggi.php
Madrid Letters of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade from the Spanish Civil War by Cary Nelson
A reception for the Brigadiers. A letter by Mick O'Riordan about Spanish refugees. In the later he details that Paddy Duff, had been interned by the French in St. Cyprien Concentration camp after the war. Also gives some details of his later life.
This obituary says, b, went 'to Barcelona with a medical team in support of the International Brigade, and she spoke at many rallies on her return home. Her paramedical training , mainly with the Red Cross and St. John's Ambulance, had stood her in good stead in Spain. Dublin, 18 January Obituary for Joe Monks. Journal of Contemporary History Cronin, M. The Blueshirt movement, Ireland's Fascists?
Robert Martin Hilliard , David and Goliath. Barcelona's homage to the International Brigades. Irish delegation to Barcelona for the unveiling of a memorial to the International Brigadiers. The previous year, the Nationalists had tried to take over the country, touching off a civil war. Leftist volunteers from around the world flocked to the Republican side, seeing the war as a struggle between tyranny and freedom that transcended national boundaries. The Moors were known to be especially formidable.
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Most of the Americans, meanwhile, had fired a rifle for the first time less than two weeks earlier. Some had arrived at the war zone only a day or two before, still wearing street clothes and Keds, and had never fired a gun at all. Like the various luminaries who visited the front—Langston Hughes, W.
Auden, Dorothy Parker, and others—many of the volunteers had a literary bent. He was six feet two, and in photographs his round horn-rimmed glasses make him look a bit like the silent-movie star Harold Lloyd.
But everything went wrong. The artillery fire landed three hours late and in the wrong place. The soldiers in the Spanish battalion advanced fifteen metres but then retreated to their trenches. Neither tanks nor horses materialized. It was the first he had heard of such a signal, but he ordered his soldiers to stitch one together, out of underwear and shirts.
Two soldiers carried it from the trenches and, since it was by then broad daylight, were killed by machine-gun fire as they laid it down. In a phone call just before noon, a short-tempered Yugoslav colonel told Merriman that the Spanish troops were far ahead, waiting for him. Merriman could see that they were still in their trenches. After three Republican planes flew by, more or less harmlessly—as much support as the troops would receive—Merriman felt that he had no choice but to obey.
He stepped out of the trenches, signalling to his men to follow, and was shot in the left shoulder. Some sheltered for a while behind the thin olive trees. Hochschild reports that an estimated hundred and twenty men were killed and a hundred and seventy-five wounded.
Snipers shot first-aid workers who were trying to fetch the fallen. In , when the historian Cecil D. Eby visited, he found a cairn of rocks, bones, skulls, and helmets that had been made by the Lincolns a few days after the fighting, when they burned their dead, who were too numerous to bury.
The consensus among historians, including Hochschild, is that as a military operation the attack achieved nothing. Jarama was the first major engagement fought by Americans in the Spanish Civil War, and it turned out to be representative. Again and again, high-level commanders ordered Lincolns into attacks that officers in the field warned would be suicidal. Veterans came to feel that the idealism of the cause had been exploited, and many resented being policed by shadowy Communist enforcers. Not all were embittered by the experience, however.